What is Defragmentation, and How to Use it on Windows 11/10/8/7?

What is Defragmentation, and how to use it on Windows 11/10/8/7? 

What does defragmenting your hard drive imply? Defragmenting a hard drive reduces the number of fragmented files. It reorganizes related data files, such as programs, documents, music, videos, and so on, and places them in the exact physical location on your hard drive. Data is divided into multiple chunks and stored on a hard drive.

The hard drive’s free space shrinks over time as data gets added and deleted, spreading out in different locations and integrating with other data files. As a result, if another program gets installed, the system cannot find enough free space on the hard drive in one location to accommodate the schedule.

The available space gets dispersed throughout the hard drive in smaller chunks. Fragmentation occurs when related files get scattered across the hard drive in diverse locations. The system will run slowly if the hard drive is fragmented because it needs to work harder to read and write data. After all, the information gets dispersed throughout the hard drive.

When this happens, you’ll need to defragment your hard drive. Defragmentation collects all related files scattered across the hard drive and arranges them in the exact physical location on the hard drive. It also tries to condense the available space into a single large chunk. As a result, the defragmentation feature groups files that belong to the same program. For example, all files related to a specific video will be kept together.

In the same way, it organizes other documents, music, and other files for easy access and improves the overall performance of your computer. In addition, it will combine all of the free space on the hard drive. When defragmentation is over, your hard drive’s files will get organized systematically. The computer or notebook will run faster and more efficiently once the defrag is over.

Since mechanical hard drives have spinning discs that allow the heads to read and write data files, all you need to do now is defrag them. Defragmenting solid-state drives (SSDs) is no longer necessary. Because SSDs do not contain any moving parts. Regardless of the computer’s memory chip, the system can choose which files it requires. 

We’ll explain it in layman’s terms if you technically don’t understand defrag or defragmentation. Assume there is a room in a house for a child. The child has a variety of toys with which to play. He plays games and scatters his toys throughout the room. His mother selects and arranges all the toys so that her child can quickly access them in his room.

Similarly, the defragmentation process organizes all of your data on a hard disc, so your operating system can quickly locate it and provide it to you when you need it. That is known as defragmentation in computer terms.

How to defrag internal or external hard disk on Windows 11/10/8/7?

Follow these steps to defrag a hard disc on your Windows PC without using a third-party tool:

Step 1. First, press the Windows logo + R keys to open the Run dialog box.

Step 2. Then, in the Run box, type the following command and hit Enter from the keyboard:-


Step 3. Consequently, the “Optimize Drives” window will appear after performing the above action on Windows 11/10.

Step 4. Now, select the partition and then click Analyze. 

It will examine the hard drive for fragmentation. 

When finished, click the “Optimize” button to defragment it.

You don’t need to defragment your Windows PC using an SSD (Solid State Drive). Defragmentation is not recommended even if you see OK in the current status.

If your computer has an HDD, you should defrag it at least once weekly.

Those who prefer to use a freeware tool to defrag the HDD can get one of the following:-

  1. DiskTuna
  2. UltraDefrag
  3. Puran Defrag
  4. iObit Smart Defrag

You guys are amazing; keep reading, learning, and growing.

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